About Robert Indiana
Robert Indiana was born in New Castle, Indiana. He moved to New York City in 1954 and joined the Pop Art movement, using distinctive imagery drawing on commercial art approaches blended with existentialism that gradually moved toward what Indiana calls “sculptural poems.”
In 1962, Eleanor Ward’s Stable Gallery hosted Robert Indiana’s first New York solo exhibition. He has since enjoyed exhibitions at over 30 museums and galleries worldwide. His works are in the permanent collections of numerous museums, including the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York; the Indianapolis Museum of Art in Indiana; the Stedelijk Museum, Schiedam, Netherlands; the Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; the Detroit Institute of Art, Michigan; the Baltimore Museum of Art, Maryland; the Brandeis Museum, Waltham, Massachusetts; the Albright-Knox Gallery of Art, Buffalo, New York; the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California; the Hirshhorn Museum, Washington D.C.; the Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; and the Los Angeles County Museum, California, among many, many others.
The work of Robert Indiana often consists of bold, simple, iconic images, especially numbers and short words like EAT, HUG, and, his best-known example, LOVE. which he originally created in 1964 as a Christmas card for the Museum of Modern Art in New York. It was subsequently turned into a postage stamp by the United States Postal Service in 1973 and a sculpture for the Indianapolis Museum of Art in 1970. Additional LOVE sculptures have since been installed in New York, Philadelphia and other North American cities as well as Europe and Asia.
In 2008, Robert Indiana created an image similar to LOVE (letters stacked two to a line, the letter “o” tilted on its side), but this time showcasing the word “HOPE” and donated all proceeds from the image to the Democratic National Committee for Barack Obama’s presidential campaign. A stainless steel sculpture of HOPE was unveiled outside Denver’s Pepsi Center during the 2008 Democratic National Convention and has since been installed in Times Square in New York, in front of the John Hancock building in Chicago, Illinois; and as part of several museum exhibitions. Since that time, Robert Indiana has created additional HOPE sculptures which can be found throughout the world, including the six which will be on view during Hope Day.